Overlapping technologies is one of the cornerstones that SPARC conducts research and develops new IP to contribute to a better world, and the agricultural space is no different. While the immediate link would be the growing global population, technologies in agriculture have strong ties to energy, water treatment, and recycling as well.

Nitrogen-based fertilisers, such as urea, are critical for rejuvenating soil and ensuring high crop yields. But these nitrogen-rich materials also have uses in the energy storage and generation sector as well as the plastics industry. Additionally, the urea systems dovetail into water treatment systems as well through combinations with humic matter, especially from wastewater systems.

By coupling urea production with carbon capture technologies, we can produce an important agricultural material and work to remove carbon dioxide levels. This is where synthetic humic matter, the solid organic residues from decomposing material, production comes into play. Humic matter generates significant amounts of greenhouse gases such as methane and carbon dioxide, over rather long time periods. Synthetic humic matter processes accelerate this decomposition, but methane and carbon capture technologies are required to offset greenhouse emissions. Urea production is an ideal candidate for such production, among other areas that SPARC is currently investigating.